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Biofuels could provide a third of global energy consumption for transport


Biofuels are promoted to help mitigate global climate change. Their production can easily lead to significant greenhouse gas emissions resulting from land conversion and other sources. A team of scientists charted greenhouse gas emissions resulting from biofuel production. Dedicated crops grown on grasslands, savannahs and abandoned agricultural lands could provide around 30 exajoules per year.

Deep emission reductions needed in 2030 for Paris Climate Agreement


By ratifying the Paris Climate Agreement, the Netherlands has committed to pursuing an ambitious climate policy. There are various methods for translating global targets into national policy objectives. This report shows that, for 2030,  corresponding to around 50% to 55% for total greenhouse gas emissions (compared to 1990), CO2 emission reductions would need to be around 40% to 50%.

Launch Global Centre of Excellence on Climate Adaptation on COP23


The Global Centre of Excellence on Climate Adaptation (GCECA) is launched during the COP23 in Bonn. Since the start of the initiative, at the request of UN Environment and the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management, PBL has been involved in the GCECA Preparation Group and will be a member of the Implementation Group.

PBL research supports Bonn Climate Conference (COP23)


The UN Climate Change Conference in Bonn (COP23) is the next step for governments to implement the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement. PBL Netherlands Environmental Asessment Agency contributes to this process with several studies and reports on climate change that not only support policy-making but also expand the knowledge base.

There are various pathways towards achieving the 1.5 degree Celsius target


It is possible to conceive different pathways that would limit global temperature increase to 1.5 oC. These pathways differ not only in the reduction measures they contain, but also in the overall carbon budget (related to scientific uncertainty and policy choices). However, under all assumptions, negative CO2 emissions seem crucial to achieve this target.


People and the Earth

The publication ‘People and the Earth: International cooperation for the Sustainable Development Goals in 23 infographics’ uses visual representations to communicate challenges and options for making progress towards the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

Trends in global CO2 emissions

Global CO2 emission levels remained more or less stable in 2015 and 2016. The recent slowdown in the increase in CO2 has mainly resulted from lower coal consumption due to fuel switches to natural gas and increased renewable energy in power generation.

Opportunities for a circular economy

Countries in Europe can profit from a circular economy. This 1-page website covers all aspects of a circular economy, showing that it involves much more than merely recycling materials.

Cities in Europe and the Netherlands

Cities are expected to play a key role in delivering the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, green and inclusive growth. Cities and urban areas in Europe presented in 25 infographics.

One-pager on global CO2

Are global CO2 emissions still rising? PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency presents the latest facts and figures.